Nov. 28, 2013 Social activity and health correlate in old age, yet less is known about what explains this association. The results of a study carried out in the Gerontology Research Center showed that part of the association between interpersonal activity and mortality was mediated by mobility among older men and women. Of other potential mediators, having less depressive symptoms and better cognitive functioning are merely requirements for social activity.
“ The health-enhancing affects of social activity may be partly explained by better mobility amongst persons who are socially active. Moreover, social activity may maintain mobility and thus decrease mortality risk, as many social activities also include physical activity, ” says Katja Pynnönen, a PhD student from the University of Jyväskylä, Department of Health Sciences.
Collective social activity investigated in this study included, for example cultural activities, acting in organizations, travelling, physical activity in groups, and dancing. When participating in these kinds of activities, a person acts together with other people and may experience a sense of belonging to a group and a sensation of being liked and accepted.
Helping others in various daily tasks is an example of productive interpersonal activity which may give feelings of doing good and being useful.
“ Good cognitive functioning and having less depressive signs and symptoms seemed to be prerequisites for social activity. Thus, it is important to recognize and take into consideration those older people who have memory problems and are melancholy, and may need extra support to participate in social activities, ” says Pynnönen.
The study is part of the Evergreen project carried out in the University of Jyväskylä. In 1988, 406 men and 775 women aged 65-84 years got part in face-to-face interviews. Data on mortality were drawn through the population register.
Oct. 23, 2013 People’ s tendency to communicate with similar people is more powerful than earlier believed, which limits the flow of information and concepts in social networks. These are the results that an Aalto University research team will publish this week in an post in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .
The results had been obtained by means of a computational method developed by the research group and then applied to huge amounts of anonymised mobile phone call information. The data came from a mobile phone operator’ s billing system and contains detailed information about the timing of hundreds of millions of mobile phone calls and the age, gender and billing forms of anonymised callers and recipients.
The research is linked to computational social science, an area of multidisciplinary research that has become highly important in recent years. In this area, computational methods are used to mine information regarding human behavior from massive information sets. Rather than focusing on the individual, computational social science strives to understand common properties in the behavior of large groups of people. This contrasts with data collection and mining employed for intelligence purposes, which has recently fascinated a lot of publicity. Furthermore, the data used is always anonymised.
The study group’ s computational method is based on statistical analysis of the precise timing of phone calls. This allowed scientists to show that various patterns exactly where phone calls immediately follow each other (for example, A calls B, who also then calls C) are more common between people who are similar in terms of age group, gender and mutual friends compared to could be observed based only upon numbers of calls made.
Application of the developed method is not just limited to research on communication among people; it also has potential utilizes in areas like brain study.
Record Reference :
- L. Kovanen, K. Kaski, M. Kertesz, J. Saramaki. Temporal motifs reveal homophily, gender-specific patterns, and group talk in call sequences . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 2013; DOI: ten. 1073/pnas. 1307941110
Sep. 16, 2013 Partner yoga might help couples who are struggling with sexual malfunction, according to sexual wellness experts at Loyola University Health System (LUHS).
This form of yoga uses massage, breathing workouts and mutually beneficial postures couples can do together to build trust, rest and have fun.
“ Distance and resentment can develop within marriages over time, ” said Susan Walsh, PsyD, psychologist and qualified yoga instructor for Loyola’ h Sexual Wellness Clinic. “ Partner yoga can clear this detrimental energy and help a couple reconnect and turn into comfortable with touch and intimacy. ”
Loyola will offer the 90-minute partner yoga session as part of its new Sexual Wellness Medical center. The clinic combines the expertise of various specialists and takes a holistic approach to address common emotional and physical challenges that couples face in their sexual relationships.
The most typical problems that affect sexual health include decreased libido, painful intercourse, failure to have an orgasm, erectile dysfunction and early ejaculation. Loyola’ s program will deal with these issues in six weekly appointments led by a team of obstetricians and gynecologists, urologists, psychologists, nurses, social workers, dietitians and yoga exercises instructors.
A group educational session will take place each week along with personal counseling. A private physical examination will also be offered with an obstetrician/gynecologist and also a urologist. The partner yoga course will be part of the group educational classes, which will address envisioning greater closeness, becoming open and vulnerable, getting life and relationship balance, exploring healthier possibilities, connecting mind and body, and gaining and keeping momentum. These group sessions are informational just. Participants will not be asked to talk about their particular sexual relationship in a group setting.
“ Our intimate wellness specialists recognize that there are many factors that affect intimacy, ” said Dr . Walsh, who also is a co-employee professor in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neurosciences at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. “ Partner yoga will be one way that we help couples improve their relationship emotionally, physically and spiritually to ultimately build a deeper connection and improve sexual wellness. ”
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Nov. 20, 2013 Some argue that boys have become the ‘ new disadvantaged’ as the result of efforts to eradicate female disadvantage in a historically male biased education system. A widely accepted solution is more male teachers /role models in institutions for boys.
New research by Kevin McGrath and Mark Sinclair, published in Gender and Training , examines why it is that male teachers are the solution, exactly what benefits they bring to boys, and what benefits they bring to girls.
McGrath and Sinclair performed focus groups with 97 mothers and fathers and 184 students of varied social and ethnic backgrounds nationwide. They found that male students expressed a preference for male teachers because of perceived shared encounters, interests and ways of thinking. Young boys felt that men have a better understanding of their play and were much better able to relate.
For the girls, a male teacher represented an important opportunity to interact with and create relationships with men outside the family. This increased understanding of men acts an important role in girls’ effective transition into the wider world of university, work and their personal lives.
McGrath plus Sinclair conclude that male educators, whilst not proven to affect academic accomplishments in the classroom, certainly have a pertinent part to play in the social progress girls and boys.
Journal Reference :
- Kevin McGrath, Mark Sinclair. More male primary-school teachers? Social benefits for boysand girls . Sex and Education , 2013; 25 (5): 531 DOI: 10. 1080/09540253. 2013. 796342
April. 10, 2013 What’ s in a kiss? Research by Oxford University researchers indicates kissing helps us size up potential partners and, once inside a relationship, may be a way of getting a companion to stick around.
“ Kissing in human sex relationships is incredibly prevalent in various forms across just about every society and culture, ” says Rafael Wlodarski, the DPhil student who carried out the research in the Department of Experimental Psychology at Oxford University. “ Kissing is seen in our closest primate relatives, chimps and bonobos, however it is much less intense and less commonly used.
“ Therefore here’ s a human courtship behavior which is incredibly widespread and common and, in extent, is very unique. And we are still not specifically sure why it is so widespread or what purpose it acts. ”
To understand a lot more, Rafael Wlodarski and Professor Robin the boy wonder Dunbar set up an online questionnaire in which over 900 adults answered questions about the importance of kissing in both short-term and long-term relationships.
Rafael Wlodarski explains: “ There are three main theories about the role that kissing plays in sex relationships: that it somehow helps assess the genetic quality of potential buddies; that it is used to increase arousal (to initiate sex for example); and that it is useful in keeping relationships together. We wanted to see which of these theories held up under closer scrutiny. ”
The scientists report their findings in two papers, one in the journal Archives of Sexual Actions and the second within the journal Human Character , both published by Springer. They were funded by the European Research Council.
The survey responses showed that women rated the kiss as generally more important in human relationships than men. Furthermore, men and women who have rated themselves as being attractive, or who tended to have more short-term relationships and casual encounters, furthermore rated kissing as being more important.
In humans, as in most of mammals, females must invest additional time than men in having children — pregnancy takes nine weeks and breast-feeding may take up to several years. Previous studies have shown women tend to be more selective when initially choosing a companion. Men and women who are more attractive, or have a lot more casual sex partners, have also been found to be more selective in choosing potential mates. As it is these organizations which tended to value the kiss more in their survey responses, it suggests that kissing helps in assessing potential mates.
It has been recommended previously that kissing may allow people to subconsciously assess a potential companion through taste or smell, collecting on biological cues for compatibility, genetic fitness or general health.
“ Mate choice and courtship in humans is complicated, ” says Professor Robin Dunbar. “ It involves a series of periods of assessments where people ask them selves ‘ shall I carry on deeper into this relationship? ’ Initial attraction may include facial, body and social cues. Then assessments become more and more intimate as we go deeper into the courtship stages, and this is where kissing comes in. ”
He adds: “ In choosing partners, we have to deal with the ‘ Jane Austen problem’: How long do you wait for Mr Darcy to come together when you can’ t wait forever and there may be lots of women waiting around just for him? At what point do you have to compromise for the curate?
“ What Jane Austen realised is that people are extremely good with assessing where they are in the ‘ mating market’ and pitch their particular demands accordingly. It depends what kind of online poker hand you’ ve been dealt. If you have a strong bidding hand, you can afford to be much more demanding and choosy when it comes to prospective mates.
“ We see some of that coming out in the results of our survey, suggesting that kissing is important in assessing a potential partner, ” Teacher Dunbar explains.
Past research has also found that women place better value on activities that improve long-term relationships (since raising children is made easier with two parents present). In the current study, the group found that kissing’ s importance changed for people according to whether it had been being done in long-term or short-term relationships. Particularly, it was rated simply by women as more important in long-term relationships, suggesting that kissing furthermore plays an important role in mediating affection and attachment among established couples.
While high levels of arousal might be a consequence of the kiss (particularly as a prelude to sex), the researchers say it does not seem to be a driving factor that clarifies why we kiss in passionate relationships.
Other results included:
* In other words relationships, survey participants said the kiss was most important before sex, less so during sex, was less essential again after sex and had been least important at other times. In dedicated relationships, where forming and maintain a lasting bond is an important goal, the kiss was equally important before sexual intercourse and at times not-related to sexual intercourse.
* More frequent kissing in a relationship was linked to the quality of a relationship, while this wasn’ t the case for having more sexual intercourse. However , people’ s satisfaction with the amount of both kissing and sexual intercourse did tally with the quality of the relationship.
* In the companion paper in the journal Human Nature , the researchers report that women’ t attitudes to romantic kissing furthermore depend on where in their menstrual cycle and their relationship they are. Women appreciated kissing most at initial levels of a relationship when they were within the part of their cycle when they are likely to conceive. Previous studies have proven that hormonal changes associated with the period can change a woman’ s choices for a potential mate. When likelihood of conceiving are highest, women seem to prefer men who display intended signals of underlying genetic physical fitness, such as masculinized faces, facial proportion, social dominance, and genetic compatibility. It appears that kissing a romantic potential companion at this time helps women assess the genetic quality of a potential mate, the researchers say.
Since we’ ve all just recently celebrated Valentine’ ersus Day in our own special method, I thought I’ d share how much this time of year means to me.
4 years ago this very 30 days my life was full of uncertainty… but also, 4 years ago I finally produced a conscious decision to give up about how I thought society wanted me to reside. I had the slightest glimmer of hope things could be different. I was hoping things would get better and am was hoping God had a bigger plan for me than the one I was living at that time.
I decided to let go of my ‘ plan’ – the plan that everything needed to be a certain way and had to be simply perfect and I took a chance. Component of letting go and taking a chance was also saying yes when a special someone asked me to be his Valentines. Giving you a little back story, simply 2 weeks before he asked me personally to be his Valentine I had loaded up and left my outdated life and old relationship that will went completely against my values for years. I was finally able to awaken and realize I had to do something different. The LAST thing I wanted was to leap into another relationship… but every thing in my life seemed to be happening with out force or trying, so with the smallest glimmer of hope I responded with “ Sure, I’ ll be your Valentine. ”
Kevin (my now spouse & forever Valentine) was only the stepping stone for me changing the way I was living my life. Everyone thought we were crazy for jumping into our relationship (especially after knowing how our last one ended) – but I kept my promise in order to myself to quiet the voices of those around me and those within ‘ society’ and lead along with my heart. I removed the particular judgement from others stating the way we were doing it all ‘ wrong’ and replaced it with wish that there was a bigger, better arrange for me (and us) and all I needed to do was be faithful to myself.
Little do I know this was the beginning of a HUGE motion in my life. Looking at my life today I can’ t believe how much change can occur and how many blessings can come to surface in just four years when you’ re in a position to hold on to even the smallest bit of wish. The external blessings are obviously my loving husband, my on-the-way beautiful baby girl, my supportive network of like-minded women, the particular close-knit relationships with my family, the particular abundant success in my business… but above all else the biggest blessing in my lifetime now is how much love I keep for myself.
In the last four years I’ ve learned how to love myself on a daily basis System.Drawing.Bitmap choices that are only in my best interest. I’ m still learning daily and still work at quieting the particular voices of society telling me personally I’ m ‘ not carrying it out right’ – but those voices have gotten much smaller and I’ m forever keeping that glimmer of hope alive which allows me personally the opportunity to grow each and every year.
Happy Valentine’ s Day, women ~ remember to love yourself most of all, remember there is a bigger plan out right now there for you and remember never to lose ” special ” glimmer of hope… no matter how little it may be at the moment.